What are Non-living Things ?

Play this article

Non-living things, also known as inanimate objects, are entities that lack the ability to grow, reproduce, and respond to their environment. They are diverse in form, size, and complexity, ranging from simple objects like rocks to complex objects like buildings.

Characteristics of Non-living Things

There are several characteristics that define non-living things, including:

1. Lack of cellular organization: Unlike living things, non-living things lack cells and do not have specialized structures or functions.

2. Lack of metabolism: Non-living things do not have a metabolism and do not undergo the chemical reactions that are necessary for life.

3. Inability to grow and develop: Non-living things do not have the ability to grow or develop, and their physical characteristics remain unchanged over time.

4. Inability to reproduce: Non-living things cannot reproduce or create offspring.

5. Lack of response to stimuli: Non-living things do not respond to changes in their environment, and their physical characteristics are not affected by external factors.

Examples of Non-living Things

Non-living things can be classified into several categories, including:

1. Natural non-living things: These are non-living things that occur naturally in the environment, such as rocks, soil, water, air, and sunlight.

2. Synthetic non-living things: These are non-living things that are created by humans, such as buildings, roads, machines, and electronics.

3. Non-living things with biological origins: These are non-living things that were once living, but are no longer alive, such as wood, paper, and fossil fuels.


Non-living things are an important part of our world, and understanding their characteristics and classification can help us appreciate their role in the environment. While they may not have the same complexity and diversity as living things, non-living things still play a vital role in shaping the world around us.