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The human brain captures information through a complex process of sensory perception, attention, encoding, storage, and retrieval.
Sensory perception is the process by which the brain receives information from the five senses (sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell). Attention is the ability to focus on and process specific information while filtering out distractions.
Encoding is the process of transforming sensory information into a form that can be stored in the brain. This involves the activation of neural circuits in various regions of the brain that process different aspects of the information.
Storage is the process of retaining encoded information over time. The brain stores information in different regions and networks depending on its nature, such as visual, auditory, or emotional information.
Retrieval is the process of accessing stored information when needed. It involves the activation of the same neural circuits that were used during encoding.
Overall, the human brain captures information through a highly complex and interdependent system of sensory perception, attention, encoding, storage, and retrieval, involving multiple regions and networks within the brain.