# Map Chapter -13 class -6, Geography

May 25, 2023·

### A.Define

1. Scale :- Scale refers to the ratio or proportion between a distance on a map and the corresponding distance on the ground.

2. Atlas :- An atlas is a collection of maps.

3. Cardinal Direction :- Cardinal directions are the four main directions on a compass: north, south, east, and west.

4. Plan :- A plan refers to a detailed drawing or representation of a specific area, such as a city, town, or building.

1. What are the components of the map ?

The components of the map are Scale, compass,grid or coordinates, symbols,colors and boundary lines etc.

2. What are thematic maps?

Maps showing specific information are called thematic maps.

3. What is a linear scale?

A linear scale is a type of scale used on maps to represent distances accurately.By measuring the distance between two points on the map with a ruler or by using the scale, one can determine the actual distance on the ground.

4. Write the names of intermediate directions.

The names of intermediate directions are:

. Northeast (NE)

. Northwest (NW)

. Southeast (SE)

. Southwest (SW)

### C. Answer the following questions in detail.

1. How are the maps more useful than globe?

Maps are more useful than globes because they can provide more detailed information, are easier to carry and handle, and allow for a larger scale representation of specific areas.

2. How do symbols help in reading map?

Symbols help in reading maps by representing various features and information in a simplified and visual manner, making it easier to understand and interpret the map's content at a glance.

3. Distinguish between a map and a plan.

A map is a representation of a larger area, such as a country or a continent, showing the relationship and spatial arrangement of different features, including natural and human-made elements. It provides a broader view and can include various types of information.

A plan, on the other hand, is a detailed representation of a specific area, such as a city, town, or building. It focuses on a smaller-scale and provides more precise details of the layout, structures, and features within that specific area. Plans are often used for urban planning, architectural design, and specific land-use analysis.

4. How is a political map different from a topographic map ?

A political map primarily shows the boundaries and divisions of countries, states, cities, and other administrative regions. It focuses on depicting the political features and divisions of an area, such as capitals, borders, and major cities.

A topographic map, on the other hand, focuses on representing the physical features of an area, such as elevation, landforms, rivers, and mountains. It provides detailed information about the terrain and natural features, including contour lines to indicate changes in elevation.